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汉语站

2017年11月25日 星期六

丁酉(鸡)年十月初八

back backbackbackbackback
adj.

back后面的, 在后面, 早过去的, 前(欠)的钱

adv.

back向后地

n.

back背部, 后面

v.

back后退, 支持

英英解释:名词back:

1. the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine
同义词:dorsum

2. the side that goes last or is not normally seen
同义词:rear

3. the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer
同义词:rear

4. (football) a person who plays in the backfield

5. the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord
同义词:spinal column, vertebral column, spine, backbone, rachis

6. the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book
同义词:binding, book binding, cover

7. the part of a garment that covers the back of your body

8. a support that you can lean against while sitting
同义词:backrest

9. the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage

动词back:

1. be behind; approve of
同义词:endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support

2. travel backward

3. give support or one's approval to
同义词:second, endorse, indorse

4. cause to travel backward

5. support financial backing for

6. be in back of

7. place a bet on
同义词:bet on, gage, stake, game, punt

8. shift to a counterclockwise direction

9. establish as valid or genuine
同义词:back up

10. strengthen by providing with a back or backing

形容词back:

1. related to or located at the back

2. located at or near the back of an animal
同义词:hind, hinder

3. of an earlier date

副词back:

1. in or to or toward a former location

2. at or to or toward the back or rear
同义词:backward, backwards, rearward, rearwards

3. in or to or toward an original condition

4. in or to or toward a past time
同义词:backward

5. in answer
同义词:in reply

6. in repayment or retaliation

习惯用语
(as) bare as the back of one's hand 一无所有; 一贫如洗
at the back of one's mind 在记忆的深处, 下意识地
at sb.'s back (=at the back of sb.) 跟随某人; 支持某人
at the back of sth. 作为某事的主使者
be glad to see sb.'s back (= be glad to see the back of sb.) 巴不得某人离开; 希望摆脱某人
be laid on one's back 卧病在床
be on one's back 仰卧; [口]卧病; [口]毫无办法, 一筹莫展
be on sb.'s back 成为某人的负担; 不断地挑剔[嘲笑]某人
be thrown on one's back (在摔跤比赛中)被摔倒两肩着地; 被打得大败
behind sb.'s back 背着某人, 背地里(常带贬义)
break sb.'s back 使其负担过重而不能胜任 使某人失败[破产]
break the back of sth. 完成某事的最艰难部分 挫败; 伤其要害
break the camel's back 使顶不住或忍不住
cast sth. behind one's back 把某事置之脑后, 蔑视某事
clap sb. on the back 拍拍某人的肩膀(表示祝贺或鼓励)
get back at sb. [口]向某人报复
get off sb.'s back 不再成为某人的负担; 不再找某人麻烦
get on sb.'s back 麻烦某人
get one's back up [口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来
put one's back up [口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来
set one's back up [口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来
get sb.'s back up [口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来
put sb.'s back up [口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来
set sb.'s back up [口](使)发怒; (使)产生对抗情绪; (使)倔强起来
get to the back of sth. 彻底了解事物底细, 弄清真相
give sb. the back 不再理睬某人, 舍某人而去
go behind sb.'s back 在某人背后搞鬼, 背着某人搞小动作
have...on one's back 背着, 驮着 受...攻击; 受...的责难; 被...不断地挑毛病
have one's back to the wall 被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战
fight with one's back to the wall 被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战
have one's back at the wall 被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战
fight with one's back at the wall 被逼到没有退路; 陷入绝境; 以寡敌众; 负隅死战
have one's own back [口](向某人)报复, 复仇
get one's own back [口](向某人)报复, 复仇
have one's own back on sb. [口](向某人)报复, 复仇
get one's own back on sb. [口](向某人)报复, 复仇
have sb. at one's back 有某人在背后支持, 有某人撑腰; 被某人追捕
in the back of [美口] 在...背后; 支持, 主使
make a back for sb. 弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]
give a back for sb. 弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]
make a back to sb. 弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]
give a back to sb. 弯着腰让某人从自己背上跳过[攀登]
on the back of 紧跟着; 在...之外(常用以表示接二连三的灾祸)
upon the back of 紧跟着; 在...之外(常用以表示接二连三的灾祸)
one's back is up 发怒, 生气, 失去自制力
pat sb. on the back 拍拍某人肩膀(表示赞许或鼓励)
slap sb. on the back 拍拍某人肩膀(表示赞许或鼓励)
put one's back into sth. 孜孜不倦地做某事
put one's back up [口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来
set one's back up [口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来
put sb.'s back up [口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来
set sb.'s back up [口](使)发怒; (使)发生反感; (使)倔强起来
raise one's back (against) 不接受..., 对...固执; 反抗
ride on sb.'s back 骑在某人头上, 压迫某人, 愚弄或欺骗某人
rip up the back [美俚]背后说坏话, 背后攻击
Scratch my back and I'll scrach yours. (=Scratch me and I'll scratch you.) [谚]你捧我, 我捧你; 你帮我, 我帮你; 朋比为奸。
see the back of 看(某人)离开; 赶走[摆脱](某人)
stab sb. in the back 暗箭伤人, 背后说坏话, 诽谤
talk through the back of one's neck (=talk through one's neck) [口]说糊涂透顶的话,胡说八道;夸大其词,吹牛
speak through the back of one's neck (=talk through one's neck) [口]说糊涂透顶的话,胡说八道;夸大其词,吹牛
theback of beyond 穷乡僻壤
there andback 来回
turn one's back on 不理睬
What is got over the devil's back is spent under his belly. [谚](钱财) 来得不正, 去得也不正。
What's at the back of it? 闷葫芦里卖的什么药? 在背后搞什么名堂?
when one's back is turned 当某人不在时或忙做他事时
with one's back to the wall 非苦战不能幸免, 处于绝境
back and belly 腹背; 前后; 周身 衣食
back and edge 完全地; 全力地
back and fill (船顺流而下时)不断地调整船帆使船蜿蜒前进(以避开障碍); 来来回回; 朝三暮四
back and forth 来回; 往复
back and side 完毕; 完全; 排除万难
back away (from) (从...)躲开, 向后退
back down 放弃原来的立场[控告, 要求等] 降下 承认失言
back end [英俗]秋天
back into 倒车撞上(某物)
back of 在...后边 支持; 帮助 致使(发生); 起因于
back off (车辆等)向后退 放弃原来立场; 让步; 食言
back on to 背对着
back out(of) 食言; 打退堂鼓 因难而退 取消 扭松; 旋出
back to back 背靠背 一个接一个
back to front [口]前后倒置
back to square one (问题等)回到原来的状态(没有解决)
back up 支持; 补充; 倒退; (使)淤塞; (使)积滞

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标签: back

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